Agnes Andersson Djurfeldt, University of Lund, Sweden
Geographic and Demographic Perspectives on Farm Size and Agriculture-Nutrition linkages
Agriculture is influenced by a great diversity of location-specific factors as well as common trends and shocks. For farm size, the interaction of population dynamics with land tenure arrangements is particularly important. Gender roles and gendered access to resources often mediate how changes in agriculture map to changes in nutrition and health, especially in locations with high rates of age- and sex-specific migration. Longitudinal data from 2354 smallholder households in 103 villages across eight African countries from 2002 to 2008 reveals three processes of agrarian transformation: intensification of grain production, commercial diversification from staple crops, and income diversification out of agriculture. Each of these complements the other, as intensification of staple foods frees up resources for other activities both on and off the farm.